Work-based learning (WBL) as an educational strategy provides students opportunities to gain real-life work experiences where they can apply and develop their skills and competencies that are essential on the labour market. WBL is particularly effective to motivate and re-motivate disengaged learners who are at risk of early school leaving.
There are three major approaches to the work-based learning model. The first approach, often referred to as dual system is the integration of companies and training providers with the institution. In this model, students spend a significant period of time during their training working at the integrated companies. These periods of gaining firs-hand work experience are complemented by acquiring general and occupation-related knowledge and complementary skills in the classroom. The second approach is school-based training, where a work placement or internship is incorporated as an optional, or compulsory element of the programme. Finally, in the third model WBL is integrated into the programme through workshops, simulation projects, and other assignments that create “real life” work environments and develop the most relevant skills and competences (e.g. entrepreneurship competences) for the labour market needs.