Early school leaving is a complex phenomenon, and one of the major challenges in education policy. It is considered a highly complex problem, with each case having a distinct history of interconnected causes in the background. Research shows that there is a strong link between early school leaving, social disadvantage and a low level of parental education, low socioeconomic status being one of the key factors increasing the risk of early dropout.. The educational system and relevant stakeholders have an essential role in tackling the problem and provide the necessary support for students at risk of early school leaving. According to the definition of the European Union, we are talking about early school leaving in the case of young people who are between the ages of 18 and 24 who have not receiving any formal education or training and obtained a maximum of ISCED3c short level of education.
Early school leaving results in a range of negative consequences, such as significant disadvantages on the labour market and unemployment, social exclusion, and as an effect, physical and mental health problems, reduced participation in society. Measures to reduce early school leaving include prevention, intervention, and compensation.